Industrial relations is an expression used not only for relationship between employer and trade unions but also involving government with the aim of defining policies, facing labour problems.
Industrial relations include following concept.
- Rules for employment management
- Rules and regulation.
- Role of State Government bodies.
- Harmonious relations and technology.
Empowerment mean to enable, to give power, to allow or to permit. Empowerment as an act of building, development and increasing power. Empowerments as a motivational concept associated with enabling rather than delegating.
Employee empowerment is an important motivational tool in organization.
- A flatter organization structure facilitating dispersion of authority.
- Participative decision –making and allied activities in the organization.
- Open communication systems and exchange of information.
- Resource sharing.
Empowering employees no longer remains an optical decision, but has become necessity to make organization flexible and adoptable to the volatile environment. Why are more and more companies empowering employees? One reason is the need of quick decisions by those people, who are most knowledgeable about the issue. Often those at lower organizational levels. If organizations are to successfully complete in a dynamic global economy. They have to be able to make decision and implement changes quickly. Another reasons is the reality that organizational downsizing during the last part of the twentieth century left many managers with larger spans of control. In order to cope with the increased work demands manager had to empower their people. If an organization implements employee empowerment properly: - the productivity gains, quality improvement more satisfied customers, increased employee motivation and improved morale. But the primarily role of management is “to support and simulate their people, co-operate to overcome cross functional barriers, and work to eliminate fear within their own team.”
Success with empowerment Saturn a highly successful American Car manufacture, empowered its employees by the work team. Even the design process involves a high degree of employee participation. In the Saturn case, empowerment became directly linked to responsibility, and employees make suggestion how to improve processes. The process of empowerment will differ from organization to organization depending on their.
- Concept of empowerment
- Organizational objectives and strategies.
- Resource and financial position.
- Attitudes towards customer & employee
- Employee’s knowledge skills.
It is a philosophical concept that organizations have to buy into:- for many organization include some. Important facts – values, leadership, job structure and reward system.
Process of empowerment divide into 3 steps.
- Studying the working environment of the employees.
- Redefining tasks and reallocating resources.
- Focusing on the psychological & motivational needs of employee in empowered position.
Empowerment has come to play a major role in corporate excellence. Empowerment means giving the employees the authority to make decisions and providing them with financial resources to implement their decisions.